PCP Quiz 14

Question 1 of 19

Which of the following are points to remember when suctioning the mouth and pharynx?
  1. Do not suction more than 15 seconds at a time.
  2. Oxygenate immediately after suctioning.
  3. Keep the suction off as you are inserting the suction catheter.
  4. Check your equipment after you insert the suction catheter.
  5. Do not stop artificial ventilations for more than 30 seconds for a suctioning attempt.

Question 2 of 19

Which of the following statements regarding the use of the oropharyngeal airway are true?
  1. The airway must lift the tongue off the posterior pharynx.
  2. If an oropharyngeal airway is too short, it may cause damage to the structures of the upper airway.
  3. An oropharyngeal airway is indicated in the management of all patients who are unresponsive.
  4. An oropharyngeal airway must not be removed after being inserted.

Question 3 of 19

You are treating a supine, unconscious, breathing patient with no cervical spine injuries. In what position will you place the patient at the end of the Primary Survey and why?

Question 4 of 19

What two methods can be used to clear loose material (fluids, vomitus) in the airway of a patient with no cervical spine precautions?
  1. Suction.
  2. Abdominal thrusts.
  3. Finger sweep.
  4. Back blows.

Question 5 of 19

Which of the following management steps is NOT indicated in the management of a patient with stridor due to airway edema or spasm?

Question 6 of 19

Which of the following are causes of upper airway obstruction?
  1. Base of the tongue.
  2. Pulmonary embolism.
  3. Foreign material.
  4. Swelling or spasm of the airway.
  5. Esophageal spasm.

Question 7 of 19

Case Study: You are called to a residence code 3 for a collapse. As you enter the hallway, a family member directs you to a bathroom where a male in his late thirties is lying supine against the base of the door. The family member states that his brother has a history of diabetes, and has not been eating well today. He was acting "confused" earlier, and was found sitting in the Pbathtub about 15 minutes later. The brother lifted the patient onto the floor and called 911. During your Primary Survey, you find he does not respond to voice or pain stimulus, and has snoring (stertorous) respirations. What is the preferred method of manually opening the airway on this patient.

Question 8 of 19

Match the terms with the most appropriate definition. 1. Pleural space

Question 9 of 19

Match the terms with the most appropriate definition. 2. Medulla.

Question 10 of 19

Match the terms with the most appropriate definition. 3. Alveolus.

Question 11 of 19

Match the terms with the most appropriate definition. 4. Diaphragm.

Question 12 of 19

Case Study: A 55-year-old male has collapsed while walking along the road near his home on a warm afternoon. Bystanders have called 911, and upon arrival, you find the patient supine and unresponsive. A friend states that the patient has an extensive cardiac history, and has frequent episodes of angina. After establishing that there is no history of trauma and that the patient is unresponsive, what should your next action be?

Question 13 of 19

A nasopharyngeal airway should be avoided when:

Question 14 of 19

Your conscious patient has become combative and confused, and his respiratory rate has decreased, and he is becoming more cyanosed. What are the steps in assisting his respirations?
  1. Position patient supine.
  2. Apply the mask to the patient's face; gently squeeze the bag each time the patient begins to inhale.
  3. Prepare the suction and oropharyngeal airway.
  4. Ensure that the bag-valve-mask is connected to high flow oxygen.

Question 15 of 19

To be sure that your patient with no history of trauma is not breathing, after opening the airway, what two things should you do next?
  1. Listen for air movement by placing your ear close to the patient's nose and mouth.
  2. Assess the presence or absence of a palpable carotid pulse.
  3. Feel for any exhaled air against your cheek.
  4. Place your hand against the patient's chest to feel for movement.

Question 16 of 19

What is the most common cause of respiratory arrest?

Question 17 of 19

How long should you spend checking a patient's breathing?

Question 18 of 19

Case Study: You are called Code 3 to a private residence for shortness of breath. As you enter the patient's room, you see a male in his late sixties leaning forward in a chair. A family member states that the patient has a history of congestive heart failure. The patient awoke during the night complaining of difficulty breathing which has gradually worsened. During your Primary Survey you note the patient is drowsy, has marked repiratory distress, shallow respirations; rapid, weak radial pulse, and peripheral cyanosis. Based on the above information, what is your next step in the management of this patent's breathing difficulty?

Question 19 of 19

In which of the following conditions should a paramedic intervene to ensure adequate respirations?
  1. Unconscious patient with a respiratory rate of 8 breaths/minute.
  2. Conscious narcotic overdose patient with a respiratory rate of 15 breaths/minute.
  3. Elderly patient with pulmonary edema, falling level of consciousness, and respiratory rate of 36 breaths/minute.
  4. 12-month-old infant, allergic reaction to medication, with a respiratory rate of 28 breaths/minute.