PCP Quiz 16

Question 1 of 14

Under what condition/criteria is the use of a tourniquet acceptable as a method of controlling the external hemorrhage?

Question 2 of 14

The most common pressure points used for hemorrhage control are the:
  1. Temporal.
  2. Femoral.
  3. Carotid.
  4. Brachial.

Question 3 of 14

What are the two main benefits of cold application in the treatment of injuries?
  1. Aids in the relief of pain.
  2. Will cause vasocontriction, reducing the body's inflammatory response.
  3. Promotes circulation to aid healing of soft tissue injuries.
  4. Reduces the chance of aggravating the existing injury.

Question 4 of 14

What is the rationale for positioning a patient with severe bleeding supine, and at rest?
  1. Allow proper application of a pressure point.
  2. Prevent the patient from loosening bandage material and aggravating the injury.
  3. Control hemorrhage because of decreased heart rate and force.
  4. Help reduce patient anxiety.

Question 5 of 14

Case Study: A 40-year-old women has suffered a deep laceration to the medial surface of her forearm from a kitchen knife. The wound is gaping open and appears to be bleeding profusely. What two methods of indirectly controlling the hemorrhage should you perform?
  1. Elevate the limb above the level of the heart.
  2. Apply a rigid splint over the wound to prevent further movement.
  3. Ask the patient to hold firm pressure over the wound with a sterile dressing.
  4. Position the patient supine, at rest.

Question 6 of 14

Case Study: A 25-year-old man working in a lumbar mill has accidentally amputated his right hand while operating a high-speed table saw. The first aid attendant has the amputated hand, and the man is sitting holding his arm at his side, the wound is bleeding severely. What is the preferred order of methods that should be used to control the hemorrhage?
  1. Application of an appropriate pressure point.
  2. Elevation of the injured arm.
  3. Direct pressure applied to the stump.
  4. Application of a tourniquet to the injured arm.
  5. Positioning the patient at rest, supine.

Question 7 of 14

External venous bleeding is characterized by which of the following?
  1. Slow, steady flow of dark, bluish-red blood.
  2. Will usually stop on its own due to low venous pressure.
  3. Slow, oozing of blood that usually clots on its own.
  4. Must be controlled if venous opening is significant.

Question 8 of 14

External arterial bleeding is characterized by which of the following?
  1. Rhythmic spurting of bright red blood from the wound.
  2. Higher risk of bacterial infection than other forms of bleeding.
  3. Quick clotting due to contraction of severed arteries.
  4. Unlikely to stop by itself due to force of blood flow.

Question 9 of 14

Blood returning from the head, neck, shoulders, and upper extremities enters the heart through the:

Question 10 of 14

Blood contains which of the following cellular elements?
  1. Leukocytes.
  2. Plasmocytes.
  3. Thrombocytes.
  4. Erythrocytes.
  5. Protocytes.

Question 11 of 14

In a normal adult, the left ventricle ejects ____ to ____ ml of blood with each contraction.

Question 12 of 14

What is the term used to describe the phase when the ventricles are contracting?

Question 13 of 14

What is the FIRST method that you should use to control external hemorrhage?

Question 14 of 14

Which of the following is responsible for the SECOND step of the clotting process?