PCP Quiz 27 Question 1 of 11What should you do if you suspect that a clot is obstructing an IV?Flush the IV with 5 cc of normal saline.Raise the IV bag above the site of cannulation.Pull the catheter back and retape it once you have obtained adequate flow.Restart IV using new equipment and new site.Question 2 of 11A needle should be inserted into the injection port at a:15 degree angle.30 degree angle.45 degree angle.90 degree angle.Question 3 of 11What is the risk posed by catheter shear?local infection of the IV site.creation of an embolus.extravasation.necrosis.Question 4 of 11All of the following are advantages of IV drug administration EXCEPT:the absorption rate is unreliable.the medication can be easily discontinued.greater control of medication delivery.drug levels can be maintained after an initial bolus.Question 5 of 11Microdrip tubing has how many drops per milliliter?20 gtts per ml.40 gtts per ml.60 gtts per ml.80 gtts per ml.Question 6 of 11The most desirable fluid for replacement is:a crystalloid.a colloid.albumin.blood.Question 7 of 11You are standing in the emergency department and see a nurse initiate an intravenous (IV) of Normal Saline in a patient with congestive heart failure. Why has an IV been initiated into this patient?To replace lost fluids.As a route for administering medications or other fluids.To facilitate taking blood samples.To regulate the patient's electrolyte levels.Question 8 of 11Your patient is in circulatory overload from a runaway peripheral IV. You immediately administer high flow oxygen. What are your next actions?Stop the infusion; remove the catheter; position patient semi-prone on his left side.Slow down the infusion; position patient semi-prone on his left side.Slow down the infusion; sit patient upright with legs dangling.Remove air from the tubing; sit patient upright.Stop the infusion, remove the catheter; sit patient upright with legs dangling.Question 9 of 11The signs and symptoms of local infiltration of a peripheral IV include:Sudden fever, chills, headache, nausea, vomiting, and shock.Sudden cyanosis, hypotension, tachycardia, decreased LOC.Pain and tenderness along the vein, redness and swelling at the puncture site.Pain and swelling at the puncture site, IV slows down or stops, no blood return in IV tubing.Dyspnea, tachycardia, tachypnea.Question 10 of 11Which of the following are complications of peripheral IV therapy? Infiltration. Extubation. Thrombophlebitis. Thromboembolism. 1, 32, 41, 42, 33, 4Question 11 of 11You notice that your patient is developing dyspnea, tachypnea, and tachycardia. As you apply oxygen you realize that the IV bag is almost empty and is running at an excessive rate. What complication of IV therapy should you suspect?Air embolism.Pyrogenic reaction.Infiltration.Circulatory overload.Thromboembolism.