PCP Quiz 7

Question 1 of 46

Which of the following signs is characteristic of adult respiratory distress?





Question 2 of 46

"Shunt" is best defined as:





Question 3 of 46

When there is significant shunt, it points to a problem in:





Question 4 of 46

________ receptors are located in peripheral blood vessels and are responsible for vasoconstriction.





Question 5 of 46

Which of the following conditions for the movement and utilization of oxygen is NOT part of the Fick Principle?





Question 6 of 46

All of the following comprise the upper airway EXCEPT the:





Question 7 of 46

The MOST superior aspect of the pharynx is the:





Question 8 of 46

The lip-like opening between the vocal cords is called the:





Question 9 of 46

The leaf-shaped cartilage that prevents food from entering the respiratory tract during swallowing is the:





Question 10 of 46

The cartilage separating the right and left nasal cavities is called the:





Question 11 of 46

All of the following are pairs of sinuses EXCEPT the:





Question 12 of 46

Air enters the nasal cavity through the:





Question 13 of 46

How many teeth are found in the healthy adult?





Question 14 of 46

The Adam's apple is made up of the:





Question 15 of 46

All of the following comprise the lower airway EXCEPT the:





Question 16 of 46

The terminal (functional) unit of the respiratory tree is the:





Question 17 of 46

Surfactant's purpose in the alveoli is to:





Question 18 of 46

All of the following make up the lung parenchyma EXCEPT the:





Question 19 of 46

The airway structures thought to assist in heating, purifying, and moistening inhaled air are the:





Question 20 of 46

Most oxygen and carbon dioxide gas exchange take place in the:





Question 21 of 46

When the soft palate is touched, it can stimulate a patient's:





Question 22 of 46

The ________ pleura lines the thoracic cavity and contains nerve fibers.





Question 23 of 46

An anatomical difference between adult and pediatric airways is that in a child the:





Question 24 of 46

The exchange of gases between a living organism and its environment is called:





Question 25 of 46

The mechanical process that moves air into and out of the lungs is known as:





Question 26 of 46

The respiratory cycle begins when the lungs have achieved normal expiration and the pressure inside the thoracic cavity:





Question 27 of 46

The lungs receive MOST of their blood supply from the:





Question 28 of 46

The pulmonary veins transport:





Question 29 of 46

The concentration of oxygen in the atmosphere is:





Question 30 of 46

Accumulation of blood (or fluid containing blood) in the plural cavity is known as a:





Question 31 of 46

Decreased CO2 elimination (increased CO2 levels in the blood) is commonly caused by all of the following EXCEPT:





Question 32 of 46

When oxygen is combined with hemoglobin, it is measured as:





Question 33 of 46

Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is carried as:





Question 34 of 46

Which of the following can affect oxygen concentration in the blood?





Question 35 of 46

Causes of increased carbon dioxide production include all of the following EXCEPT:





Question 36 of 46

Which of the following gas exchanges takes place when atelectasis is present?





Question 37 of 46

Decreased partial pressure of oxygen in the blood is called:





Question 38 of 46

Which of the following refers to the concentration of oxygen in inspired air?





Question 39 of 46

All of the following increase a person's respiratory rate EXCEPT:





Question 40 of 46

The average volume of gas inhaled or exhaled in one respiratory cycle is known as the:





Question 41 of 46

The normal respiratory rate for an infant is:





Question 42 of 46

Control of the rate of a person's respirations is:





Question 43 of 46

Central chemoreceptors respond to changes in:





Question 44 of 46

Which of the following controls the rate and depth of respirations?





Question 45 of 46

The amount of gas inhaled and exhaled in one minute is called the:





Question 46 of 46

When a deep breath is taken, the air follows a specific pathway. From the alternatives listed below, choose the one which indicates the correct order of these anatomical structures in this pathway.
  1. Mouth
  2. Vocal cords
  3. Trachea
  4. Right/left bronchus
  5. Pharynx
  6. Larynx
  7. Epiglottis
  8. Carina
  9. Bronchiole
  10. Alveoli